In a hernia, tissues or organs penetrate through the lining of the cavity in which they usually reside. Hernias occur both in males and females but are more common in males. They are categorized depending on the organ where they occur. Hernias predominantly affect the abdominal and groin region. They may or may not be painful. A hernia may cause discomfort during exercise, coughing, heavy laughter, or a bowel movement. Discomfort is mildest when you're lying down, and it reaches its peak during the day. When blood supply to the involved tissues or organs is restricted, strangulation occurs. Strangulation may cause severe pain and may require immediate surgery to prevent tissue or organ death. Hernias are not contagious. You can manage them with monitoring and some changes in lifestyle. However, if these changes do not cause any improvement, surgery may be required. If undiagnosed and untreated, hernias can lead to serious illness and death in some cases.
The most noticeable sign of a hernia is the presence of a bulging lump in the affected region. This bulge is a sac-like protrusion of the affected tissues or organs out of the wall of their cavity. When left untreated for a long time, the bulge starts getting painful. This occurs when muscles get stretched to their maximal limits and start tearing. This tearing causes more bulging, making the bulge even larger and more painful.
This site offers information designed for educational purposes only. You should not rely on any information on this site as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment, or as a substitute for, professional counseling care, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any concerns or questions about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other health-care professional.