Fascia is connective tissue made of collagen fibers that looks rather like transparent plastic food wrap. Connective tissue covers all of the major structures of the body including bones, blood vessels, and organs. It prevents friction between bodily structures during movement, enabling them to move smoothly against each other. However, like any body part, fascia can fail. Due to the widespread presence of this tissue, such failures can cause a variety of health problems.
Superficial fascia is present in the deepest layer of skin across the majority of the body. It is fatty and can stretch to accommodate weight gain and changes in body shape that occur during pregnancy. Its purpose is to store water and fat reserves, but it also provides insulation and protection. As well as the skin, superficial fascia surrounds major bodily organs, glands, and other structures. It also occupies various empty cavities within the body.
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