Meningitis is a condition that can be caused by various factors. Among the most common causes are the bacterial kind, which occur when bacteria enters the bloodstream and finds its way to the brain or the spinal cord. Sometimes it can also occur when bacteria directly comes into contact with the meninges. When it comes to bacterial infections, some of the most common strains are pneumococcus or meningococcus. Viral meningitis is also another important classification to make, as well as chronic meningitis and fungal meningitis.
Meningitis may be difficult to identify because the symptoms mimic those of the common flu. Nevertheless, some of the most frequent symptoms include a sudden high fever, a stiff neck, or a severe headache that feels different from normal. The type of treatment will depend on the nature of the infection as well as its location. Most of the time, however, it is recommended to take plenty of fluids to keep the body hydrated. It’s also important to receive plenty of bed rest.