Lyme disease is a bacterial infection caused by the bite of a deer tick that carries the bacterium Borrelia Burgdorferi (BB). This bacteria is a cousin to the spirochete bacterium responsible for syphilis. Infected ticks thrive in forested areas. They transmit the bacteria to humans, which causes a wide range of health problems. With an early diagnosis, the chances of complete recovery with no long-term effects are possible. Therefore, people at risk of contracting this disease should look out for any of the following signs.
The most typical and distinctive of all symptoms is the Erythema migrans (EM) rash. It is present in over 70% of patients and is first present at the site of the tick bite. You will notice it within 3 to 30 days after exposure. You will notice a reddening aberration of the skin often in a “bull’s eye” pattern. It is rarely ever itchy or painful. The rash is warm and spreads outward gradually as the infection progresses. Additional EM rashes may appear on different sites if treatment does not begin promptly.
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