Graves disease is one of the most common thyroid disorders. The autoimmune disease causes the immune system to attack the thyroid gland. The condition is the leading cause of hyperthyroidism, an overactive thyroid gland. The excess thyroid hormone made by a hyperactive gland causes various issues throughout the body. Experts do not know what causes the thyroid to act abnormally in people with Graves disease, but researchers have developed several treatments, which primarily aim to decrease the hormones in the system.
Graves ophthalmology describes painful pressure in the eyes and can cause redness and irritation. People with this symptom experience retracted or puffy eyelids or bulging eyes and may experience blurry or double vision. Left untreated, it can cause loss of light sensitivity and even vision loss. This is one of the more common signs of Graves disease.
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