Anemia is a condition that occurs when your body doesn’t contain enough red blood cells (also known as hemoglobin). These cells have the function of distributing oxygen to the various parts of your body. If you lack healthy blood cells, that means that your body doesn’t receive enough oxygen, and will not function adequately. In the United States, Anemia is the most common blood disease, affecting around 3.5 million people.
The most prominent symptoms of anemia include long-lasting fatigue and a general loss of energy; increased heart rate, especially during exercise; shortness of breath and headache; difficulty concentrating; dizziness; and pale skin. The treatment options for anemia include making dietary changes to increase the amount of iron consumed, as well as the consumption of iron supplements. In some cases, surgery may be needed to directly stop the source of bleeding. Luckily, amenia is easily preventable by consuming a healthy and balanced diet.