Liver Cancer occurs when the healthy cells within this organ assume an unnatural and anomalous appearance and behavior. Though several factors could increase one's vulnerability to liver cancer, alcoholism, hepatitis B and hepatitis C are acknowledged to be the leading causes of liver cancer. According to international statistics, liver cancer rates as the second most prevalent type of cancer regarding fatal malignant tumors. Fortunately, several kinds of treatments are available for this condition, but the suitability differs from case to case depending upon the type of tumor, how far cancer has spread, the state of the liver and person's general health.
Medically referred to as ascites, abdominal swelling is a most distinctive symptom of liver cancer. It occurs due to the build-up of fluid in the peritoneal cavity, which is a consequence of the inefficacy of liver function due to malfunctioning cancer cells. The abdominal swelling is often outwardly visible on account of a perceptible increase in girth. A physical examination of the abdominal region is used to detect and establish if the cause for distension is ascites.
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