Even somebody who has never heard of acid reflux is almost sure to recognize it from a description of the symptoms. They might even be familiar with it under an alternative name - GERD: Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease. These medical terms describe a severe type of heartburn that occurs when stomach acids pass into the esophageal. Usually, muscles at the bottom of the throat prevent these acids from escaping, but if the muscles become weakened for some reason they no longer perform this task efficiently. It is often difficult to discover why certain individuals suffer from this problem more than others, but a good range of effective treatments for acid reflux are available.
The first step in tackling acid reflux must involve changes to eating and drinking habits. Take more time over meals and make sure not to bite off more than you can chew. Also, try to reduce the amount of food you eat at any one sitting. Also, it is recommended to avoid eating the major meal of the day in the evening. Other dietary changes that usually help reduce acid reflux symptoms include abstaining from alcoholic drinks within four hours of bedtime and staying away from foods that tend to trigger the complaint. Some of the foods most likely to cause problems include chocolate, coffee and all kinds of spicy dishes.
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