A urinary tract infection refers to an infection affecting any component of the urinary system. This system encompasses the kidneys, ureters, bladder or urethra. These infections tend to be more common in women than in men, and all females contract them at least once. Women's urethrae are shorter than men's urethras. Therefore, it's easy for harmful bacteria to get transferred from the bowels to the urinary tract. In uncomplicated cases, it's simple to treat a urinary tract infection with prescribed medication. In complicated cases, where the kidneys are affected, the treatment depends upon the nature of complication.
The most commonly experienced symptom in individuals with urinary tract infections is a burning sensation during urination. The passage through which urine travels through the body is called the ureters. The bacteria E. coli regularly live in your bowel. However, it's transferred from your bottom to the outer ureter during sex or cleaning up after a bowel movement. That's why it's crucial for women to wipe from front to back to ensure the bacteria doesn't reach your urinary tract. After the bacteria successfully reaches the ureters, they become tender due to infection. When the urine goes through it, the person experiences a painful sensation that doesn't last post urination. Many urinary tract infections don't present symptoms. If you experience burning pain during urination, the infection may require medical assistance.
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