In the first few weeks of conception, the embryo in your womb grows a fundamental structure of tissues which is referred to as the neural tube. Over time this tissue structure develops into the baby’s bones, tissues, and nerves which would eventually form the whole nervous system and the spine of the baby. Spina bifida is a congenital disability which affects the spine of the fetus. When the fetus develops spina bifida, the development of the neural tube and the spinal column goes wrong and to it doesn’t fully close. The three top kinds of spina bifida are:

  • Myelomeningocele
  • Spina bifida occulta
  • Spina bifida meningocele

When unborn babies who are diagnosed with spina bifida, it means that their neural tube hasn’t developed well so there is an accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid, which can result in hydrocephalus and brain damage. When this happens, the built up pressure might need to be alleviated through surgical procedures. Treatment for spina bifida has improved over the years, but there is still no known cure. However, there may be some causes for this disorder which can be treated to avoid the actual occurrence of the disorder in the fetus. Read on to learn about the causes and treatments of spina bifida.

1. Not Enough Folic Acid

During pregnancy, women need to visit a physician for proper prenatal care. One of the most common steps in ensuring the health of a growing baby is to take vitamins and supplements. This will aid in the development of the fetus. One of the essential kinds of vitamins is folic acid. Some research has shown that women who do not have the right amount of folic acid during pregnancy will have a higher likelihood of giving birth to a baby with spina bifida. Though the correlation between folic acid and the prevention of spina bifida hasn’t been established, it would be a good idea to ensure that the folic acid intake is enough while pregnant.