Neuropathy, also called peripheral neuritis, is a condition that occurs in the feet due to nerve damage. When a patient suffers from neuropathy, they can experience pain ranging from mild to very severe, numbness, tingling, and weakness. The body’s peripheral nervous system utilizes nerves to send messages to and from the central nervous system, which includes both the brain and spinal cord. Neuropathy occurs when these peripheral nerves become damaged, and their transmittance of signals is disrupted. Treatment for neuropathy includes medications and a variety of other therapeutic options. Although neuropathy is an encompassing diagnosis, there are many causes. Let’s take a look at a few!
Diabetes is the most common cause of neuropathy, particularly chronic neuropathy. High levels of blood sugar within the body can damage nerves, especially those within the feet. When diabetes is under control, the amount of sugar in the blood remains at a safe level, thus reducing the risk of potential nerve damage. This is why neuropathy more often occurs in patients whose blood sugar is not under control compared to those who maintain low blood sugar levels. Diabetic neuropathy as a result of uncontrolled blood glucose levels can create irreversible damage.