Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes a potentially life-threatening disease in which one’s immune system is attacked. It is a type of infection that may remain latent and inactive within an individual for many, many years, without producing any symptoms. Alternatively, without treatment, it makes the body vulnerable to very serious infections, other health problems like cancers, and advances to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). It is thus important to be aware of the symptoms of HIV, the most common of which are described here.

1. Fever

Within a month of contraction of HIV, 40-90% of infected individuals develop flu-like symptoms, called acute retroviral syndrome (ARS). Fever is likely to be present though it is generally no higher than 102 degrees Fahrenheit. The fever may last for a few days and in most patients will subside within two weeks.

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