There are two types of Hiatal hernias – a paraesophageal Hernia and a sliding Hiatal hernia, which is more common. In fact, almost 95% of Hiatal hernias are sliding Hiatal hernias. With this type of a hiatal hernia, the GE junction as well as part of your stomach slides upward and into space in your chest between your lungs where the heart is housed, and the esophagus passes through, which is called the mediastinum. In this case, the hernia is more prominent in two circumstances – when you inhale because your diaphragm contracts and goes down towards your abdominal cavity and when you swallow and your esophagus shortens.

In a paraesophageal hernia, the space in your phrenoesophageal membrane is bigger so a bigger part of your stomach herniates next to the esophagus and it stays there, while the GE junction remains under your diaphragm. Typically a Hiatal hernia itself causes no visible symptoms unless it is already become severe. This is why it is actually not known how rare or how frequent this condition happens in general. Though there is a lack of obvious symptoms, they are there, and you would need to know all about them so that if you observe them in your own body, you would have cause for alarm. Read on to learn about the different symptoms of Hiatal hernias which you must look out for to avoid having to deal with a severe diagnosis in the future.


1. Heartburn

Heartburn, a burning pain in your lower chest which can either be uncomfortable or downright painful, is a very common symptom for different kinds of illnesses including acid reflux and Hiatal hernia.  Though heartburn can have a lot of causes, you having a Hiatal hernia can be one of them. You can try eliminating all other possible causes and when you’re left with a hernia, then that’s probably what it is. A Hiatal hernia may not be cause for alarm but generally when you feel this symptom; it may be a good idea to have yourself checked.