Type 2 diabetes affects the way the body stores and metabolizes sugar. People who have type 2 diabetes have too little insulin, the hormone that controls sugar in the cells. Alternatively, the body may reject the insulin it receives. Type 2 diabetes is very common in adults and is becoming a problem in children due to poor nutritional habits. It is often associated with obesity. When left untreated, type 2 diabetes can lead to serious medical issues like heart problems and kidney damage. Medications and lifestyle changes can prevent and treat type 2 diabetes.
The pancreas, a small organ near the stomach, produces and releases insulin. The insulin helps sugars enter the cells and reduces the amount of sugar in the blood. In patients with type 2 diabetes, this process fails, and sugar is left to build up in the blood. The body is unable to produce enough insulin to regulate blood sugar. If not treated, type 2 diabetes eventually damages organs and other body systems.