Diabetes comes in two main types and each one requires different treatment. Type 1 sufferers need to regularly inject themselves with insulin or use an insulin pump. It may develop at any age but normally it first appears in people under the age of 40, and especially in children. About 90% of people with diabetes have the Type 2 version. In this case their bodies produce insulin naturally but not enough, or the insulin does not work effectively. Their treatment involves tight control of diet and exercise. In the past Type 2 diabetes was predominantly found in people over 40 but this is changing.

1. Insulin Injections with a Syringe

People with Type 1 diabetics must ensure their bodies have sufficient levels of insulin to prevent potentially dangerous quantities of glucose accumulating in the blood stream. Serious and potentially life-threatening situations develop if the body is deprived of insulin, so it is crucially important to administer insulin doses at the times and frequency the doctor recommends. For many years sufferers have had to regularly inject themselves with a syringe, but they know that the unpleasantness and occasional pain is far preferable to the damage lack of insulin can cause.