The role of the pancreas was first discovered in 1889 by Joseph von Mering and Oskar Minkowski. They found the signs and symptoms of diabetes by observing dogs who developed it after the organ was removed. In 1910, a man by the name of Sir Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer found that diabetes resulted from the lack of insulin in the body. The first recognizable report of Type 1 Diabetes appeared towards the end of the 19th century. Many people live a long, fulfilling life with Type 1 Diabetes, as long as they adhere to their regimen of insulin.
1. What is Type 1 Diabetes?
Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease that occurs when the pancreas stops producing insulin. It happens when your body destroys beta cells, which make insulin. When your beta cells are unable to produce insulin, it causes your blood glucose or sugar to rise, starving the cells. The higher the blood sugars, the more health issues.