Cushing’s syndrome refers to a set of symptoms that are caused by the presence of excessive cortisol in the body over a prolonged period of time. Typically, individuals tend to develop this condition if they have been taking corticosteroids for very long or have a tumour that encourages the adrenal gland to overproduce cortisol. If Cushing’s syndrome is present due to some medication, it can be gradually curtailed if detected early on. Even otherwise, majority of cases are treatable. However, the stage at which the disorder is detected and how soon treatment begins determine the nature of recovery for a patient. Thus, those suffering from the following symptoms should be wary of having contracted Cushing’s Syndrome, and get checked for the same immediately.
1. Weight Gain
The most distinctive and telling sign of Cushing’s syndrome is abnormal weight gain that is visible on the face, chest and stomach. This occurs because cortisol causes fat to get redistributed to these areas. As a consequence of this, patients develop “central obesity” whereby limbs are thin but belly is bulky, “moon face” which implies round, chubby full face or a “buffalo hump” that is a lumpy fat deposit between shoulder blades. Children suffering from this condition become obese without consuming too much food and witness a slower growth rate as compared to other healthy kids having the same diet.