A breast lump is a mass that develops in the breast and may cause some pain. Although many health campaigns encourage self-examinations, sometimes breast lumps are discovered only upon a medical physical or imaging exam. Most breast lumps are benign and may feel hard or spongy, depending on the type. As a preventive measure, it is crucial both women and men stay familiar with how their breasts usually look and feel, so they are able to quickly notice and report any changes.
1. How Are Breast Lumps Diagnosed and Evaluated?
Even if a person finds a breast lump on her own, a doctor will perform a physical examination to confirm the issue. He or she will then order a mammogram, breast ultrasound, or MRI to determine whether the lump is cancerous. Doctors may order additional testing or, if the lump is benign, may monitor it for changes or growth. In cases of cancer detection, doctors recommend immediate surgery along with other therapies including radiation, hormone therapy, and chemotherapy.