Prostate cancer is a form of cancer that only attacks males, as that it begins in the prostate, the walnut-shaped gland that is a part of the reproductive system. Second only to skin cancer, prostate cancer is among the leading cancers that affect men, and it is also a leading cause of deaths attributed to different forms of cancer. Prostate cancer seems to mostly affect men over 65, and it can affect one in seven men. Prostate cancer can be extremely dangerous because it does not show a lot of early symptoms. In fact, many patients are not even diagnosed until the cancer is in its later stages. Let’s take a look at some of the treatments for prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer has a very early stage that is called indolent, and during this time period, men can decide to wait to have surgery or treatment. This period is called “watching waiting”, or it is often referred to as “active surveillance.” The prostate is monitored during this time, and tests are run at regular intervals, including biopsies on the prostate, rectal exams and PSA blood tests. If the cancer seems to be growing or the doctor does not like the results of the tests, a different treatment might be warranted.