Bipolar disorder, sometimes called manic-depression, occurs when a person alternates states of extreme depression with manic behavior. During a depressive state, a person may experience sadness or hopelessness and guilt. Fatigue, restlessness, difficulty concentrating and weight loss are other commonly seen symptoms. In extreme cases, the person may become suicidal. While a manic episode is occurring, the person will feel an extreme high. They may be abnormally talkative and energetic and will likely make poor decisions and engage in risky activities. Their self-confidence is generally really high during these times and the need for sleep is quite low. There are many possible treatments for bipolar disorder.
Psychotherapy is a long-term treatment. Patients in psychotherapy will typically discuss effective coping strategies to deal with their illness and the mood changes that it brings. Medication and symptom management are also a common topic. However, psychotherapists do not generally prescribe medication. Doctors often recommend people with bipolar disorder attend regular psychotherapy sessions.