Scoliosis is a disease that causes a deformity of the spine. It affects people of all ages, but it often first appears in the early teens. It could be so mild that treatment is not necessary, but without proper medical care, the condition worsens with age. Sometimes this disease becomes a serious medical issue; it all depends on how severely it affects the spine. Standard scoliosis care uses body braces, but in the more severe cases, doctors could recommend surgery. Even with all the latest medical advances, these surgical procedures remain risky, and patients understandably feel hesitant overtaking this step. The exact causes of the disease are unclear, but there seems to be a genetic link.
1. A Curved Spine
Scoliosis twists the spine into a shape that resembles the letter “C” or even the letter “S.” Although even strong spines have a degree of curvature, the extent is markedly less. A curved spine is the most obvious outward sign of a person with scoliosis. X-rays reveal the extent to which the disease twists their spines. The older they become, the more obvious this deformity appears. Doctors define a spine curve of less than 25 percent as mild scoliosis; from 25 percent to 40 percent is moderate, and over 40 percent is severe. The health challenges a scoliosis patient faces increases according to the degree of severity.