Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is characterized by an inability to concentrate, restlessness, impulsive and sometimes inappropriate behavior. Treatment of ADHD is mainly comprised of a mixture of behavioral therapy and medication. Some recommend that behavioral therapy should be started before giving any medications. Starting both treatment options at the same time will be more helpful in controlling the symptoms of ADHD children
Medical treatments don't cure ADHD, but they help control the symptoms; increase the ability to concentrate and decrease impulsive behavior. A stimulant (Methylphenidate) is the first line therapy for treatment for ADHD. Meaning, it's the first drug that doctors prescribe to their patients, and if it doesn't prove to be effective, they try other drugs. Stimulants are the most commonly used medicines in the treatment of ADHD. They are effective in about 70% of adults and children. The primary concern some people have is that they may lead to addiction, but the doses used for the treatment of ADHD is too small to cause substance dependence. However, there should be caution in prescribing them for people with a history of drug addiction. Some of the most common symptoms include tics, nausea, and vomiting, increased blood pressure, loss of appetite and headaches. Stimulants include methylphenidate and dextroamphetamine. They work by stimulating the release of certain chemicals in the brain (noradrenalin and adrenalin)
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