Thyroid eye disease is also called Graves’ ophthalmopathy. It causes inflammation of the eye, which can lead to debilitating symptoms. When the condition becomes acute, it can also cause disfiguring changes to the appearance of the eyes. Because of the rareness of the condition, many people are unaware of the causes and symptoms.
1. What is Thyroid Eye Disease?
Thyroid eye disease is an autoimmune disorder wherein the body’s immune system attacks the back of the eye, causing it to swell and become inflamed. This can cause redness and swelling to the eye area and may push the eyes forward, leading to a ‘bulging’ appearance. The swelling can make it difficult to move the eyes in line with one another. In severe cases, this may lead to blindness, although fortunately, this is uncommon.