The tissue that lines the inner wall of your abdomen is called the peritoneum. This layer supports the organs in your abdominal cavity. However, if the lining becomes infected from fungi or bacteria, you will experience an inflammation of the peritoneum. This condition is known as peritonitis, and it can be fatal if the infection spreads to your blood or other organs. Since you need immediate medical care to combat peritonitis, it is important to understand the signs and symptoms. Keep reading to learn more about the causes, symptoms, and possible treatments for peritonitis.
1. Cause: Secondary Peritonitis
A stomach ulcer or ruptured appendix can all cause ruptures as well as Crohn’s disease, pancreatitis, and pelvic inflammatory disease. Diverticulitis is an infection in your digestive tract; if one of the pouches break open, intestinal waste can drain into your abdominal cavity causing secondary peritonitis. Perforations in the gallbladder, stomach, or intestine may also lead to secondary peritonitis. Injury or trauma to the abdominal such as a knife or gunshot wound can allow bacteria or chemicals from other parts of the body to enter the peritoneum and cause the health issue.