Diarrhea is a common condition which entails abnormally watery stools during bowel movement. It usually occurs when either the water from bowel contents is not absorbed or extra fluid leaks into the stool. In most cases, diarrhea lasts for two to four days and the symptoms may disappear without any medication; this is called acute diarrhea. If diarrhea lasts for a period of four weeks or more, whether intermittently or continuously, it is considered to be a chronic condition, which may be symptomatic of an underlying medical condition. The question is, what are the possible causes of diarrhea? There could be numerous causes, but here is a list of those that are most commonly witnessed.
Amongst the most common causes of diarrhea, gastroenteritis implies an inflammation of the stomach and/or intestines, usually caused by bacteria, viruses or some parasites. Those suffering from gastroenteritis typically have nausea and vomiting spells alongside the diarrhea. In mild cases, no medication is required and the infection subsides naturally in a couple of days; patients’ simply need to keep themselves hydrated and should thus consume plenty of fluids. In severe cases, where there is no relief from symptoms for several days and discomfort is intense, medication prescribed by a qualified physician should be taken.