Epiglottitis refers to an inflammation of the epiglottis as well as other structures located near it, such as the trachea. Acute epiglottitis is a severe condition and requires immediate medical attention due to its high mortality. In serious cases, epiglottitis may cause upper airway obstruction, leading to respiratory arrest and even death. Most often, epiglottitis is caused by bacterial infection although other causes are also possible. Find out the ten most common symptoms and treatments of epiglottitis.
An infection most often causes epiglottitis as a result of the Haemophilus influenza type b bacteria. This bacteria is also known to cause other diseases, including pneumonia and meningitis, both of which are very serious. When the body becomes infected, the first response often comes in the form of fever, meaning an internal temperature above the average body temperature (in most cases, that means around 100.4 F; however, this figure is dependent on age). The body experiences fever as a reaction to infection. The increased temperature is usually beneficial as it helps the body to fend off infections. Antibiotics are usually the most common treatment for epiglottitis, which may include penicillin or ampicillin.