Gilbert’s syndrome is a condition in which the liver is unable to properly process bilirubin— a yellow substance that is formed as a by-product when red blood cells are broken down. Because the liver is unable to process bilirubin, it builds up in the bloodstream, causing the person to develop a yellow tinge to the skin and eyes. Gilbert’s syndrome is mostly a harmless condition sometimes accompanied by episodes of jaundice. Keep reading to find out more about Gilbert’s syndrome.
1. Causes of Gilbert’s syndrome
Gilbert’s syndrome is a hereditary genetic disorder—meaning that if you have it, you inherited it from one or both of your parents. This genetic disorder causes the liver not to function properly, so it has problems removing bilirubin from the blood. The bilirubin in the bloodstream isn’t processed as quickly as it is in other people, so it builds up, giving the skin and eyes a yellow color. Gilbert’s syndrome is not life-threatening, and it is not related to other, more serious medical conditions like Hepatitis C.