Kidney failure, medically known as end-stage renal disease (ESRD), denotes the incapacity of an individual’s kidneys to meet bodily requirements on a daily basis. Those with ESRD have their kidneys functioning below 10% of the normal rate, which naturally leads to a buildup of various toxins in the body. This creates various symptoms in the body, with some being easily perceptible while others are far more subtle.
People with ESRD require dialysis or a kidney transplant in order to survive. Since it is a very serious, life-threatening condition, early detection is critical. Here are eight signs of kidney failure to watch out for.
1. Decreased Urine Output
The primary function of the kidneys is to filter out waste products from the blood and excrete them from the body in urine. When one is suffering from kidney failure, this vital function is not adequately performed; as a consequence, there is a decrease in urine production. In some cases, patients may develop an inability to urinate at all, signaling a most critical stage of ESRD. Thus, anyone experiencing a decrease in the amount of urination—especially those with a history of kidney disease, should seek medical assistance immediately.