Do you have heart problems? You may experience signs of something mild such as an abnormal heart sound. This is known as a heart murmur. More serious illnesses include heart failure. Common signs of this potentially fatal disease include swelling in your legs and shortness of breath. It occurs when the heart cannot pump enough oxygen-rich blood to the rest of your body.

If you have a heart ailment or experience related problems, your doctor will have to learn more about your condition. An echocardiogram might provide the answer to the questions regarding your heart size, movement, blood flow, and function.

1. What is an Echocardiogram?

An echocardiogram is sometimes referred to simply as an echo. It is an ultrasound test that uses a transducer, which creates high-pitched sound waves to test the heart. As sound waves bounce off different locations within the heart, the device records the echoes. The findings are then transformed into a moving picture so you can see your heart’s activity on a video screen. There are four types of echocardiograms including stress, Doppler, transesophageal, and transthoracic.