Gout is a type of arthritis. This type causes sudden tenderness, pain, swelling, and stiffness in joints. In 50 percent of cases, the joint most affected it the base of the big toe.
Gout is the elevated levels of uric acid in the blood gather and forms hard crystals in the joints. Many people with too much uric acid will not have severe symptoms. This is because it only affects 1-2% of the population. Men are at higher risk than women. Those most prone eat a lot of meat, drink a lot of beer, and are overweight. People who have experienced it once are likely to experience it again.
If gout goes untreated, it can cause lasting harm to joints and tendons. Treatments include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), steroids, and colchicine. Once the acute attack gets treated, a person can begin to take preventative measures. Prevention through lifestyle changes is the most effective way of reducing your risk. Even after experiencing one attack, you can prevent future similar attacks. Weight loss and medication can lower uric acid levels in your body, therefore preventing gout.