Hallux valgus is a medical term for bunions. They develop on the joint at the base of the big toe. Several things can contribute to a bunion including tight, narrow shoes or high heels. Foot injuries or arthritis may also make the condition worse. However, there is no exact cause for hallux valgus; it may be an inherited condition or present at birth as a congenital deformity. Women tend to develop bunions more than men and adolescents can also get the foot condition as early as 10-15 years old. There are specific symptoms and signs to look for when it comes to bunions. The progressive bone disorder can become painful in which case you will have to seek treatment. There are both surgical and non-surgical options depending on your condition. Keep reading to learn more about symptoms and treatments of hallux valgus.
1. Symptom: A Bony Lump on Your Big Toe
The primary symptom of hallux valgus is a bump at the base of your big toe. Bunions start out small but can get worse over time. As the big toe pushes against the neighboring one, the alignment is uneven. Therefore, your joint protrudes, and a bulging lump develops on your big toe. In some cases, hallux valgus can form on the pinky toe. Since the bumps are significantly smaller on the little toe, the condition is known as bunionette or tailor’s bunion.