Blood clotting, also commonly referred to as coagulation, is the way that the body prevents excessive bleeding when there is an injury or damage to a blood vessel or artery. The body contains blood cells that are called platelets, as well as proteins that are located in the blood’s plasma, which is the liquid portion of the blood. These two work together by forming a clot to ensure that the body does not lose too much blood. While blood clots can provide an excellent service to the body, they can also form when they are not needed which can be dangerous, but fortunately, there are many different treatments to help dissolve these clots.
There are many different treatments for patients suffering from blood clots, also known as thrombosis. However, one of the most common, as well as the usual first option that physicians go to, is prescribing anticoagulants. Anticoagulants are also known as blood thinners, as that they are a medication that can thin the blood. In doing so, they can stop the blood clot from growing and prevent clotting in other areas of the body, as well. Most importantly, they can help to dissolve the blood clot, allowing blood to flow more normally once again. Some common blood thinners include heparin and warfarin.