When the body does not produce enough estrogen, a variety of both physical and mental symptoms can occur. A woman’s overall health may decline in several key areas due to low estrogen. Estrogen is a vital chemical substance for women. Hormones influence almost every cell, organ, and function. Estrogen is not one hormone, but rather the name for a group of chemically similar hormones: estrone, estradiol (the most abundant in women of reproductive age) and estriol. Estrogen is linked not only the breasts and uterus but also the brain, bone, liver, heart and other tissues.
1. Why is Estrogen Important?
Estrogens are one of the most important hormones for a female. While it is present only in small amounts in the body, it plays a vital role in your maintaining your health. Men also produce estrogen, but women produce it at higher levels. Even men can suffer from estrogen deficiency. Men who have an estrogen deficiency are known to have increased body fat. Estrogen is responsible for or regulates:
- Food intake, body weight, glucose metabolism, and insulin sensitivity
- Prevents bone loss
- Prevents additional ovulation during pregnancy
- Can help to prevent urinary tract infections
- Is involved in cholesterol metabolism