Sporotrichosis is a fungal infection that is caused by Sporothrix schenckii. Sporotrichosis is called rose gardener’s disease. This rare infection can transmit through contact with the Sporothrix fungus spores. Usually through cuts in the skin. These spores typically live in plant matter and the soil and can be in rose bushes, sphagnum moss, and hay. Occasionally, people have been known to contract sporotrichosis through animal bites, most often through cat bites.
1. Types of Sporotrichosis Infection
There are three types of sporotrichosis infection. The most common form is cutaneous or skin sporotrichosis which comes from handling infected plant matter. In this case, the infection enters through a cut or scrape in the skin.
The second type of sporotrichosis infection is pulmonary or lung sporotrichosis. This is a sporadic form of the disease where one becomes infected by breathing in the spores of the fungus.
The third type of sporotrichosis infection is disseminated sporotrichosis. This form of sporotrichosis is when the infection spreads to another part of the body. This includes the joints, bones, or even the central nervous system. This type occurs with those who have compromised immune systems, such as those who have diabetes, alcoholism, cancer, COPD, and HIV or AIDs.