Sjogren's syndrome is an autoimmune disease which causes inflammation and dysfunction of the moisture-secreting glands of the eyes and mouth. Tears and saliva are decreased in people with Sjogren's syndrome, resulting in dry eyes and a dry mouth. This condition is often seen together with other immune system disorders, such as arthritis or lupus. Keep reading to find out more about Sjogren’s syndrome.
An autoimmune disorder is when your immune system mistakenly attacks your body’s cells and tissues— in this case, it attacks the mucous membranes and moisture-secreting glands in the eyes and mouth.
There is no known cause of Sjogren’s syndrome, although this condition does seem to have a genetic factor. If a person in your family has another type of autoimmune disease, such as systemic lupus erythematosus, you may have a higher risk of developing Sjogren’s syndrome. Experts believe that this condition may be triggered by a combination of genetic, hormonal, environmental, and other factors. Also, most patients diagnosed with this condition are female.
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