Our blood vessels are a vital part of the cardiovascular system; they carry blood, nutrients, and oxygen around the body. However, they can also succumb to diseases such as giant cell arteritis, in which the blood vessels—generally those in the head and temporal region—become inflamed. The condition is also called temporal arteritis. It is possible to reduce the risk of complications such as vision loss with prompt medical treatment.
1. Giant Cell Arteritis is an Inflammatory Disease
Giant cell arteritis affects the blood vessels. More specifically, it causes inflammation in the lining of the arteries. As the disease progresses, the vessels narrow, which ultimately disrupts blood flow. Experts often link this condition to polymyalgia rheumatica, an inflammatory disorder that generally affects the older population.