Rett Syndrome is a neurological disorder where there is a mutation in a single gene, the MECP2 gene. Affecting only children, it mostly affects girls rather than boys because the affected gene is located within the X chromosome. Rett Syndrome is genetically based and is a very rare condition, but there is no known cure. This is a life-long condition. Symptoms can be managed, and early detection is key to making it easier on both the child affected and their families, but the patient will need constant care for the rest of their lives.
Often akin to the symptoms of severe autism, it is important to differentiate between the two diseases to get a correct diagnosis.
1. Slowed growth
The earliest known signs of Rett Syndrome started at six months of age. Before then, the baby will seem like any other healthy baby. Typically Rett Syndrome will be discovered in the first two years of the child’s life. Symptoms can progress slowly or come on quite quickly, as it varies in all children.
Most commonly you may see some of the symptoms between 12-18 months. This is a vital time for a baby’s growth, both physically and mentally. Physically Rett Syndrome sufferers have stunted growth. Becoming clearer as the child grows older, those with the condition tend to be short in stature and are underweight.