Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal tropical disease spread by mosquitoes and other parasites. Malaria is more common in countries with warm, humid weather such as India, Bangladesh, Congo, and Kenya. A parasite called Plasmodium causes malaria, and it is transmitted into the body when infected mosquitos bite you. Once inside the body, the parasite multiplies in the liver and begin infecting the red blood cells. Symptoms of malaria do not appear immediately. It takes almost ten to fifteen days for the first symptoms of malaria to appear. If not treated early, malaria can quickly become a life-threatening problem. Here is a list of ten common symptoms of malaria:
1. Fever and chills
Fever is the first and most common symptom of malaria. Technically fever is considered when the body temperature rises above 38 degrees C, 100.4 degrees F. Normal body temperature for a human being is 37 degrees C, 98.6 degrees F. This increase in temperature is a natural defense mechanism of the body against bacteria and viruses that cannot survive at a higher temperature. During malaria, the body temperature may rise to 40 degrees Celsius. Chills almost always accompany fevers. Chills or shaking are said to be a feeling of cold sensation along with shivering. Getting chills is another defense mechanism of the body. Due to shivering and shaking of the body, muscle activity increases which increase the body temperature even more.