Kawasaki disease, also known as KD for short or mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome, is a disease that causes the inflammation of veins, arteries, and capillaries. It is a not-so-common yet not relatively rare childhood illness that affects children of all ages, up to adolescence. It is more likely to appear in boys than girls, and it is most often seen in children of Asian descent. However, this disease does not exclude any other ethnicity. It got its name thanks to the Japanese pediatrician Tomisaku Kawasaki, who first discovered and described the illness in 1967. Until Kawasaki’s revelation, pediatricians and physicians worldwide did not see the Kawasaki disease as a new disease. It was first found in Japan, but its presence was later concluded all around the globe.
The great news is that Kawasaki disease is incredibly easy to treat, requiring no more than a few doses of Immunoglobulin or Aspirin. The healing process takes a week or two, and yet it is vital to follow it through to decrease the chance of recurrence. If constantly re-emerging, Kawasaki disease can cause serious heart-related issues that can have deadly side-effects in the future, mostly beginning with adolescence and late teenage years. KD is fortunately quite recognizable to the naked eye, meaning the parent doesn’t necessarily need to be an MD to know what’s wrong with their child. The ten most common symptoms are the following:
A fever is something extremely likely to occur to a child, but the Kawasaki induced fever is slightly different. It is often higher than 102.2 degrees Fahrenheit (39 Celsius), and it lasts for 5 or more days in most cases. Inflammation of the entire body comes as one of the most natural responses of a young immune system, as it still has no actual way of fighting the new affliction. KD does not infect grownups because our immune system is much more robust and able to discard something as trivial as Kawasaki disease easily.