I think we all understand that the brain is an essential feature of the human body. It is the central control hub for all our bodily function, so if it is in crisis, the effects can be severe and devastating. Under the umbrella of brain diseases, there are many cases, which vary widely depending on the particular problem. To narrow it down to the most well known is not too hard because unfortunately, they are common. Understanding and being aware of symptoms is the first step to treatment.

1. Meningitis

Meningitis is inflammation of the lining that surrounds the brain and the spinal cord. Usually, due to infection, bacterial and viral meningitis are the two most common types of the disease. However, other cases are known to be caused by fungi, chemical irritations, drug allergies and some cancers. The inflammation can be deadly serious if left untreated and complication can occur such as seizures, brain damage, and hearing loss. Symptoms can vary depending on age and the type of meningitis, but hospitalization is the most immediate action in these cases as early diagnosis can prevent further complications.