Most people learn about the division between white and red blood cells in school biology classes. Scientists call the white blood cells leukocytes. They have a defensive role guarding the body against infection. Doctors consider cell blood counts of 4,500 to 10,000 as falling within the normal range. The disease reduces the number of white blood cells, and so increases the body’s exposure to infection. As people, age doctors find that their white blood cell count can become too low or too high. Treating this problem with certain drugs is possible.
Infections of the blood
A healthy body’s immune system should create the amount of white blood cells it requires yet sometimes a blood infection interferes with the operation of this natural system. Because of this infection, the white blood cell count might fall significantly. In addition to this low count revealed in their blood test results, the patient will probably notice other symptoms. For example, they might experience an unexpected reduction in their weight even though they are not on any diet. In these circumstances, they need to get a thorough medical checkup. The doctor will check if they have a blood infection and prescribe the most appropriate treatment
A side effect of medications
When doctors prescribe medications, they sometimes warn the patients of possible side effects. Usually, the medicine might make the patient feel tired, but sometimes it can adversely affect their white blood cell count. This possibility increases when someone has to take medicine on a long-term basis. If this happens, the doctor needs to reassess the patient to determine the best solution. If they need to continue medications because of some serious health problem, the best solution usually involves changing medications.
Caused by cancer
All kinds of cancer have a negative impact on white blood cell counts. As you might expect this is particularly the case with blood cancer. In this case, the patient often finds the count falls during the recovery stage. The medicines patients usually take to boost their energy also reduce the numbers of white blood cells. This situation requires careful monitoring to ensure that the count does not fall too low. Experts recommend that patients should eat plenty of natural fruits and vegetables during treatments. This will help maintain reasonable white cell blood levels.
A virus-related problem
Viral infection is a specific disorder which occurs in the body to stop or restrict the functions and working of bone marrow. However, if you take it seriously and get right treatments on exactly right time, then more probably you will recover from it soon. But, when you get rid of such viral infections through medication, then you must go to some laboratory for a blood test just to verify the white blood cell count and general health. This will make you sure that there is no problem with your blood cells.
Sometimes a virus affects the patient’s bone marrow, and consequently, their white blood cell counts goes down. Health issue caused by viruses are frequently difficult to identify accurately. It might take a number of laboratory tests before the doctor arrives at an accurate diagnosis. While infections may be treated with antibiotics, the same treatment fails to work if the patient has a virus. However, most viruses disappear quickly with the appropriate medical care; and the white blood cell numbers should soon recover.
Mention of this disease usually brings to mind the sharp pains it causes in the sufferer’s joints and its potentially crippling impact on their limb movements. Only the medical experts recognize the way it can bring down white cell blood counts. Therefore, if this happens to a patient with this disease, the doctor should be able to diagnose the cause quickly. They will have to deal with this health problem along with all the better known rheumatoid arthritis symptoms.
Lack of vitamins
Of all the possible low white blood cell count causes vitamin deficiencies must be the most benign. The patient is relieved to discover that there is nothing seriously wrong with him or her. If they increase their intake of the vitamin, their body lacks it should automatically rectify this problem. The best option is to find out which natural foods and drinks are rich in the missing vitamin. Alternatively, they can start taking vitamin supplements. The doctor will request additional blood tests to verify that the white blood cell population has recovered.
A symptom of HIV/AIDS
Anyone who has HIV/AIDS should expect to find that their white blood cell count does not reach its normal level. This comes about because as HIV spreads, it attacks white blood cells. This breaches the defensive walls of the body’s immune system so it can no longer effectively ward off infections. AIDS can take hold of the body once the body’s natural resistance is broken down. The patient starts to experience fever, diarrhea and other well-documented AIDs symptoms.
Caused by a parasitic disease
Sometimes a parasitic disease causes low white blood cell counts. The infection called Leishmania is a classic case in point. The sand fly found in Southern Europe and tropical areas transmits this illness. Although nobody is going to catch leishmania in North America, it is possible to catch it while on holiday, and these get the diagnosis after your return home. Unusually low white and red blood counts are one of the telltale signs of this tropical illness.
A symptom of lupus
This serious autoimmune disease attacks many of the body’s organs and tissues. Therefore, it should not come as a surprise to learn that it also destroys white blood cells and thereby increases the patient’s risk of infection. The specific lupus symptoms vary among patients. While there are a number of drug-based lupus treatments, they also have a negative impact on white blood cell counts. Doctors face the challenge of deciding on a care approach that is not going to increase the chance of infection developing even more.
Medical science has discovered that a congenital element increases the likelihood of a low white blood cell count. Sometimes the patient’s genetic makeup, or possibly the particular circumstances of their birth, can affect white blood cell numbers. For example, the congenital disorder is known as Kostmann’s syndrome negatively affects white blood cells. Myelokathexis is another example of a congenital health issue that could also cause this cell count to fall. These are just a few example of the kind of factors doctors must consider to reach an accurate diagnosis.