Hypospadias is a congenital disability in which the opening of the urethra is on the underside of the penis. The urethra is the tube through which urine drains from your bladder and exits the body. This common condition is generally diagnosed right after birth while the mother is still in the hospital. Surgery typically restores the standard appearance but is not always necessary.

1. What causes hypospadias?

Like many congenital disabilities, doctors are not exactly sure why some baby boys have hypospadias. Theories include genetic factors, fertility treatments, the mother’s age and weight, exposure to smoking, and premature birth. Women can reduce the chance of hypospadias in their newborn by maintaining a healthy weight during pregnancy and taking enough folic acid each day.

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