Otitis media is the most common diagnosis in ill children in America. This condition primarily affects children from infants to preschoolers. Nearly all kids have at least one encounter with an ear infection before the age of six. There is a tube in the ear called the Eustachian tube. This tube is shorter in children than in adults; it allows easy entry of bacteria and viruses into the middle ear. When this occurs, it results in acute otitis media.

1. Symptoms

The symptoms of ear infection usually appear quickly. The signs and symptoms for children consist of the following:
• Ear pain, especially when lying down
• Tugging or pulling at an ear
• Trouble sleeping
• No reaction to sounds
• Fever of 100 F or higher
• Drainage of fluid from the ear
• Loss of appetite

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